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Books and Book Chapters

The following list is still incomplete and will be updated shortly.

Open list in Research Information System


A. Agne, M. Platzner, C. Plessl, M. Happe, E. Lübbers, in: FPGAs for Software Programmers, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 227-244

In this chapter, we present an introduction to the ReconOS operating system for reconfigurable computing. ReconOS offers a unified multi-threaded programming model and operating system services for threads executing in software and threads mapped to reconfigurable hardware. By supporting standard POSIX operating system functions for both software and hardware threads, ReconOS particularly caters to developers with a software background, because developers can use well-known mechanisms such as semaphores, mutexes, condition variables, and message queues for developing hybrid applications with threads running on the CPU and FPGA concurrently. Through the semantic integration of hardware accelerators into a standard operating system environment, ReconOS allows for rapid design space exploration, supports a structured application development process and improves the portability of applications between different reconfigurable computing systems.

@inbook{Agne_Platzner_Plessl_Happe_Lübbers_2016, place={Cham}, title={ReconOS}, DOI={10.1007/978-3-319-26408-0_13}, booktitle={FPGAs for Software Programmers}, publisher={Springer International Publishing}, author={Agne, Andreas and Platzner, Marco and Plessl, Christian and Happe, Markus and Lübbers, Enno}, editor={Koch, Dirk and Hannig, Frank and Ziener, DanielEditors}, year={2016}, pages={227–244} }

Self-aware Computing Systems: An Engineering Approach

P.R. Lewis, M. Platzner, B. Rinner, J. Tørresen, X. Yao. Self-aware Computing Systems: An Engineering Approach. 2016.

Taking inspiration from self-awareness in humans, this book introduces the new notion of computational self-awareness as a fundamental concept for designing and operating computing systems. The basic ability of such self-aware computing systems is to collect information about their state and progress, learning and maintaining models containing knowledge that enables them to reason about their behaviour. Self-aware computing systems will have the ability to utilise this knowledge to effectively and autonomously adapt and explain their behaviour, in changing conditions. This book addresses these fundamental concepts from an engineering perspective, aiming at developing primitives for building systems and applications. It will be of value to researchers, professionals and graduate students in computer science and engineering.

@book{Lewis_Platzner_Rinner_Tørresen_Yao_2016, place={Cham}, title={Self-aware Computing Systems: An Engineering Approach}, DOI={10.1007/978-3-319-39675-0}, publisher={Springer}, year={2016} }

Self-aware Compute Nodes

A. Agne, M. Happe, A. Lösch, C. Plessl, M. Platzner, in: Self-aware Computing Systems, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 145-165

Many modern compute nodes are heterogeneous multi-cores that integrate several CPU cores with fixed function or reconfigurable hardware cores. Such systems need to adapt task scheduling and mapping to optimise for performance and energy under varying workloads and, increasingly important, for thermal and fault management and are thus relevant targets for self-aware computing. In this chapter, we take up the generic reference architecture for designing self-aware and self-expressive computing systems and refine it for heterogeneous multi-cores. We present ReconOS, an architecture, programming model and execution environment for heterogeneous multi-cores, and show how the components of the reference architecture can be implemented on top of ReconOS. In particular, the unique feature of dynamic partial reconfiguration supports self-expression through starting and terminating reconfigurable hardware cores. We detail a case study that runs two applications on an architecture with one CPU and 12 reconfigurable hardware cores and present self-expression strategies for adapting under performance, temperature and even conflicting constraints. The case study demonstrates that the reference architecture as a model for self-aware computing is highly useful as it allows us to structure and simplify the design process, which will be essential for designing complex future compute nodes. Furthermore, ReconOS is used as a base technology for flexible protocol stacks in Chapter 10, an approach for self-aware computing at the networking level.

@inbook{Agne_Happe_Lösch_Plessl_Platzner_2016, place={Cham}, series={Natural Computing Series (NCS)}, title={Self-aware Compute Nodes}, DOI={10.1007/978-3-319-39675-0_8}, booktitle={Self-aware Computing Systems}, publisher={Springer International Publishing}, author={Agne, Andreas and Happe, Markus and Lösch, Achim and Plessl, Christian and Platzner, Marco}, year={2016}, pages={145–165}, collection={Natural Computing Series (NCS)} }

Verschiebungen an der Grenze zwischen Hardware und Software

M. Platzner, C. Plessl, in: Logiken strukturbildender Prozesse: Automatismen, Wilhelm Fink, 2014, pp. 123-144

Im Bereich der Computersysteme ist die Festlegung der Grenze zwischen Hardware und Software eine zentrale Problemstellung. Diese Grenze hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten nicht nur die Entwicklung von Computersystemen bestimmt, sondern auch die Strukturierung der Ausbildung in den Computerwissenschaften beeinflusst und sogar zur Entstehung von neuen Forschungsrichtungen gef{\"u}hrt. In diesem Beitrag besch{\"a}ftigen wir uns mit Verschiebungen an der Grenze zwischen Hardware und Software und diskutieren insgesamt drei qualitativ unterschiedliche Formen solcher Verschiebungen. Wir beginnen mit der Entwicklung von Computersystemen im letzten Jahrhundert und der Entstehung dieser Grenze, die Hardware und Software erst als eigenst{\"a}ndige Produkte differenziert. Dann widmen wir uns der Frage, welche Funktionen in einem Computersystem besser in Hardware und welche besser in Software realisiert werden sollten, eine Fragestellung die zu Beginn der 90er-Jahre zur Bildung einer eigenen Forschungsrichtung, dem sogenannten Hardware/Software Co-design, gef{\"u}hrt hat. Im Hardware/Software Co-design findet eine Verschiebung von Funktionen an der Grenze zwischen Hardware und Software w{\"a}hrend der Entwicklung eines Produktes statt, um Produkteigenschaften zu optimieren. Im fertig entwickelten und eingesetzten Produkt hingegen k{\"o}nnen wir dann eine feste Grenze zwischen Hardware und Software beobachten. Im dritten Teil dieses Beitrags stellen wir mit selbst-adaptiven Systemen eine hochaktuelle Forschungsrichtung vor. In unserem Kontext bedeutet Selbstadaption, dass ein System Verschiebungen von Funktionen an der Grenze zwischen Hardware und Software autonom w{\"a}hrend der Betriebszeit vornimmt. Solche Systeme beruhen auf rekonfigurierbarer Hardware, einer relativ neuen Technologie mit der die Hardware eines Computers w{\"a}hrend der Laufzeit ver{\"a}ndert werden kann. Diese Technologie f{\"u}hrt zu einer durchl{\"a}ssigen Grenze zwischen Hardware und Software bzw. l{\"o}st sie die herk{\"o}mmliche Vorstellung einer festen Hardware und einer flexiblen Software damit auf.

@inbook{Platzner_Plessl_2014, place={Paderborn}, series={Schriftenreihe des Graduiertenkollegs “Automatismen”}, title={Verschiebungen an der Grenze zwischen Hardware und Software}, booktitle={Logiken strukturbildender Prozesse: Automatismen}, publisher={Wilhelm Fink}, author={Platzner, Marco and Plessl, Christian}, editor={Künsemöller, Jörn and Eke, Norber Otto and Foit, Lioba and Kaerlein, TimoEditors}, year={2014}, pages={123–144}, collection={Schriftenreihe des Graduiertenkollegs “Automatismen”} }

Hardware Virtualization on Dynamically Reconfigurable Embedded Processors

C. Plessl, M. Platzner, in: Reconfigurable Embedded Control Systems: Applications for Flexibility and Agility, IGI Global, 2011

@inbook{Plessl_Platzner_2011, place={Hershey, PA, USA}, title={Hardware Virtualization on Dynamically Reconfigurable Embedded Processors}, DOI={10.4018/978-1-60960-086-0}, booktitle={Reconfigurable Embedded Control Systems: Applications for Flexibility and Agility}, publisher={IGI Global}, author={Plessl, Christian and Platzner, Marco}, editor={Khalgui, Mohamed and Hanisch, Hans-MichaelEditors}, year={2011} }

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