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Wie wird Quellcode gelesen? Forschung mit Eye-Tracking

Foto: Birte Heinemann

Publikationen


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2020

The Interdisciplinary Development of an Educational Game for Primary School Children--Lessons Learned

F. Winkelnkemper, C. Schulte, K. Eilerts, D. Bechinie, T. Huhmann, in: EdMedia+ Innovate Learning, 2020, pp. 522-529


Combining Ideas and Artifacts: An Interaction-Focused View on Computing Education Using a Cybersecurity Example

L. Terfloth, L. Budde, C. Schulte, Association for Computing Machinery, 2020


2019

Das RetiBNE Café

A. Schmidt, C. Schulte, in: Informatik für alle, 18. GI-Fachtagung Informatik und Schule, (INFOS) 2019, 16.-18. September 2019, Dortmund, 2019, pp. 315-324


Maschinelles Lernen im Unterricht mit Jupyter Notebook

M. Schlichtig, S.A. Opel, C. Schulte, R. Biehler, D. Frischemeier, S. Podworny, T. Wassong, in: INFOS, Gesellschaft für Informatik, 2019, pp. 385


Understanding Artificial Intelligence – A Project for the Development of Comprehensive Teaching Material

M. Schlichtig, S.A. Opel, L. Budde, C. Schulte, in: ISSEP 2019 - 12th International conference on informatics in schools: Situation, evaluation and perspectives, Local Proceedings, 2019, pp. 65 - 73

Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential for far-reaching – in our opinion – irreversible changes. They range from effects on the individual and society to new societal and social issues. The question arises as to how students can learn the basic functioning of AI systems, what areas of life and society are affected by these and – most important – how their own lives are affected by these changes. Therefore, we are developing and evaluating school materials for the German ”Science Year AI”. It can be used for students of all school types from the seventh grade upwards and will be distributed to about 2000 schools in autumn with the support of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. The material deals with the following aspects of AI: Discussing everyday experiences with AI, how does machine learning work, historical development of AI concepts, difference between man and machine, future distribution of roles between man and machine, in which AI world do we want to live and how much AI would we like to have in our lives. Through an accompanying evaluation, high quality of the technical content and didactic preparation is achieved in order to guarantee the long-term applicability in the teaching context in the different age groups and school types. In this paper, we describe the current state of the material development, the challenges arising, and the results of tests with different classes to date. We also present first ideas for evaluating the results.


    Developing Teaching Materials on Artificial Intelligence by Using a Simulation Game (Work in Progress)

    S.A. Opel, M. Schlichtig, C. Schulte, in: WiPSCE, ACM, 2019, pp. 11:1-11:2


    Critical Incidents for Technology Enhanced Learning in Vocational Education and Training

    A. Wilke, J. Magenheim, in: IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON 2019, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, April 8-11, 2019, 2019, pp. 892-899


    Program Comprehension: Identifying Learning Trajectories for Novice Programmers

    C. Izu, C. Schulte, A. Aggarwal, Q. I. Cutts, R. Duran, M. Gutica, B. Heinemann, E. Kraemer, V. Lonati, C. Mirolo, R. Weeda, in: Proceedings of the 2019 (ACM) Conference on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK, July 15-17, 2019, 2019, pp. 261-262


    Zieldimensionen für Multiplikatorinnen und Multiplikatoren früher MINT-Bildung

    O. Köller, J. Magenheim, H. Molitor, U. Pfenning, J. Ramseger, M. Steffensky, C. Wiesmüller, E. Winther, B. Wollring, Verlag Barbara Budrich, 2019


    Einsatz von Jupyter Notebooks am Beispiel eines fiktiven Kriminalfalls

    F. Kapp, C. Schulte, in: Informatik für alle, 18. GI-Fachtagung Informatik und Schule, (INFOS) 2019, 16.-18. September 2019, Dortmund, 2019, pp. 247-256


    Zur Relevanz eines Prozessbereiches Interaktion und Exploration im Kontext informatischer Bildung im Primarbereich

    K. Müller, C. Schulte, J. Magenheim, in: Informatik für alle, 18. GI-Fachtagung Informatik und Schule, (INFOS) 2019, 16.-18. September 2019, Dortmund, 2019, pp. 139-148


    „Der Informatikkreis “: Kinder von drei bis zehn Jahren beim Forschen in Informatik begleiten - ein methodisch-didaktisches Material

    A. Franke-Wiekhorst, C. Günther, K. Brünger, J. Magenheim, R. Romeike, GdSU-Journal,(9) (2019), pp. 10-21


    Entwicklung und Reflexion einer Unterrichtssequenz zum Maschinellen Lernen als Aspekt von Data Science in der Sekundarstufe II

    S.A. Opel, M. Schlichtig, C. Schulte, R. Biehler, D. Frischemeier, S. Podworny, T. Wassong, in: INFOS, Gesellschaft für Informatik, 2019, pp. 285-294


    2018


    Computer Science Education: Perspectives on Teaching and learning in school

    S. Sentance, E. Barendsen, C. Schulte, Bloomsbury Publishing, 2018


    Drafting a Data Science Curriculum for Secondary Schools

    B. Heinemann, S.A. Opel, L. Budde, C. Schulte, D. Frischemeier, R. Biehler, S. Podworny, T. Wassong, in: Koli Calling, ACM, 2018, pp. 17:1-17:5



    Evaluation of Learning Informatics in Primary Education - Views of Teachers and Students

    J. Magenheim, K. Müller, C. Schulte, N. Bergner, K. Haselmeier, L. Humbert, D. Müller, U. Schroeder, in: Informatics in Schools. Fundamentals of Computer Science and Software Engineering - 11th International Conference on Informatics in Schools: Situation, Evolution, and Perspectives, (ISSEP) 2018, St. Petersburg, Russia, October 10-12, 2018, Proceedings, 2018, pp. 339-353


    Eye-movement Modeling Examples in Source Code Comprehension: A Classroom Study

    R. Bednarik, C. Schulte, L. Budde, B. Heinemann, H. Vrzakova, in: Proceedings of the 18th Koli Calling International Conference on Computing Education Research, Koli, Finland, November 22-25, 2018, 2018, pp. 2:1-2:8


    Are children perceiving robots as supporting or replacing humans?: first empirical results and classification of preconceptions within a theoretical framework

    K. Müller, C. Schulte, in: Proceedings of the 13th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education, WiPSCE 2018, Potsdam, Germany, October 04-06, 2018, 2018, pp. 10:1-10:4


    The computing repair cafe: a concept for repair cafes in computing edcuation

    C. Schulte, J. Krüger, A. Gödecke, A. Schmidt, in: Proceedings of the 13th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education, WiPSCE 2018, Potsdam, Germany, October 04-06, 2018, 2018, pp. 24:1-24:6


    2017

    Zieldimensionen für frühe informatische Bildung im Kindergarten und in der Grundschule

    N. Bergner, H. Köster, J. Magenheim, K. Müller, R. Romeike, U. Schroeder, C. Schulte, in: Informatische Bildung zum Verstehen und Gestalten der digitalen Welt, Proceedings der 17. GI-Fachtagung Informatik und Schule, (INFOS) 2017, 13.-15. September 2017, Oldenburg, 2017, pp. 53-62


    The design and exploration cycle as research and development framework in computing education

    C. Schulte, J. Magenheim, K. Müller, L. Budde, in: 2017 (IEEE) Global Engineering Education Conference, (EDUCON) 2017, Athens, Greece, April 25-28, 2017, 2017, pp. 867-876


    Ein Modell zur Analyse von Vorstellungen über Roboter und ihrer Funktionsweise

    K. Müller, C. Schulte, in: Informatische Bildung zum Verstehen und Gestalten der digitalen Welt, Proceedings der 17. GI-Fachtagung Informatik und Schule, (INFOS) 2017, 13.-15. September 2017, Oldenburg, 2017, pp. 109-118


    A theory based tool set for analysing reading processes in the context of learning programming

    L. Budde, B. Heinemann, C. Schulte, in: Proceedings of the 12th Workshop on Primary and Secondary Computing Education, WiPSCE 2017, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, November 8-10, 2017, 2017, pp. 83-86


    PERSPECTIVES FOR AN INTERDISCIPLINARY DATA SCIENCE CURRICULUM IN GERMAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

    R. Biehler, C. Schulte, in: Paderborn Symposium on Data Science Education at School Level, 2017, pp. 2-14


    Zieldimensionen informatischer Bildung im Elementar-und Primarbereich

    N. Bergner, H. Köster, J. Magenheim, K. Müller, R. Romeike, U. Schroeder, C. Schulte, Frühe informatische Bildung - Ziele und Gelingensbedingungen für den Elementar- und Primarbereich. Berlin (2017)


    Kompetenzbasierte Gestaltungsempfehlungen für Informatik-Tutorenschulungen

    H. Danielsiek, P. Hubwieser, J. Krugel, J. Magenheim, L. Ohrndorf, D. Ossenschmidt, N. Schaper, J. Vahrenhold, INFORMATIK 2017 (2017)


    2015


    Eye movements in code reading: relaxing the linear order

    T. Busjahn, R. Bednarik, A. Begel, M. E. Crosby, J. H. Paterson, C. Schulte, B. Sharif, S. Tamm, in: ICPC, IEEE Computer Society, 2015, pp. 255-265


    2014

    What influences dwell time during source code reading?: analysis of element type and frequency as factors

    T. Busjahn, R. Bednarik, C. Schulte, in: ETRA, ACM, 2014, pp. 335-338


    Eye tracking in computing education

    T. Busjahn, C. Schulte, B. Sharif, A. Begel, M. Hansen, R. Bednarik, P. Orlov, P. Ihantola, G. Shchekotova, M. Antropova, in: ICER, ACM, 2014, pp. 3-10


    Developing Coding Schemes for Program Comprehension using Eye Movements

    T. Busjahn, C. Schulte, E. Kropp, in: PPIG, Psychology of Programming Interest Group, 2014, pp. 15



    2013

    Object Interaction Competence Model v. 2.0

    J. Bennedsen, C. Schulte, in: LaTiCE, IEEE Computer Society, 2013, pp. 9-16


    PCK and reflection in computer science teacher education

    M. Buchholz, M. Saeli, C. Schulte, in: WiPSCE, ACM, 2013, pp. 8-16



    The use of code reading in teaching programming

    T. Busjahn, C. Schulte, in: Koli Calling, ACM, 2013, pp. 3-11


    2012

    Computer science at school/CS teacher education: Koli working-group report on CS at school

    C. Schulte, M. Hornung, S. Sentance, V. Dagiene, T. Jevsikova, N. Thota, A. Eckerdal, A. Peters, in: Koli Calling, ACM, 2012, pp. 29-38


    Koli Calling 2009 and 2010

    C. Schulte, J. Suhonen, Computer Science Education (2012), 22(2), pp. 79-80



    2011

    Analysis of code reading to gain more insight in program comprehension

    T. Busjahn, C. Schulte, A. Busjahn, in: Koli Calling, ACM, 2011, pp. 1-9


    ProspectiveTeachers@Research: CS teacher education revised

    M. Hornung, C. Schulte, in: Koli Calling, ACM, 2011, pp. 138-143


    Informatik begreifen - Zur Nutzung von Veranschaulichungen im Informatikunterricht

    M. Kalbitz, H. Voss, C. Schulte, in: INFOS, GI, 2011, pp. 137-146


    Das Schülerlabor als Ort der Informatiklehrerbildung

    C. Schulte, in: INFOS, GI, 2011, pp. 47-56


    2010




    BlueJ Visual Debugger for Learning the Execution of Object-Oriented Programs?

    J. Bennedsen, C. Schulte, TOCE (2010), 10(2), pp. 8:1-8:22


    2009


    An evaluation of object oriented example programs in introductory programming textbooks

    J. Börstler, M. S. Hall, M. Nordström, J. H. Paterson, K. Sanders, C. Schulte, L. Thomas, SIGCSE Bulletin (2009), 41(4), pp. 126-143


    Informatik im Kontext (IniK) - Ein integratives Unterrichtskonzept für den Informatikunterricht

    J. Koubek, C. Schulte, P. Schulze, H. Witten, in: INFOS, GI, 2009, pp. 268-279


    Qualitätssicherung in einer interaktiven und lerneraktivierenden E-Learning-Umgebung

    C. Schulte, R. Tolksdorf, in: DeLFI Workshops, Logos Verlag, 2009, pp. 219-225



    Empirical comparison of objects-first and objects-later

    A. Ehlert, C. Schulte, in: ICER, ACM, 2009, pp. 15-26


    Bridging ICT and CS: educational standards for computer science in lower secondary education

    T. Brinda, H. Puhlmann, C. Schulte, in: ITiCSE, ACM, 2009, pp. 288-292


    2008

    What are information technology's key qualifications?

    C. Dörge, C. Schulte, in: ITiCSE, ACM, 2008, pp. 296-300





    2007


    Lesen im Informatikunterricht

    C. Schulte, in: INFOS, GI, 2007, pp. 307-318


    Das informatische Weltbild von Studierenden

    C. Schulte, M. Knobelsdorf, in: INFOS, GI, 2007, pp. 69-79


    2006

    What do teachers teach in introductory programming?

    C. Schulte, J. Bennedsen, in: ICER, ACM, 2006, pp. 17-28


    A Competence Model for Object-Interaction in Introductory Programming

    J. Bennedsen, C. Schulte, in: PPIG, Psychology of Programming Interest Group, 2006, pp. 1


    Gestaltung von Informatikseminaren unter Einsatz von Videokonferenzen

    C. Schulte, M. Thomas, in: HDI, GI, 2006, pp. 77-88


    Social, ethical and technical issues in informatics - An integrated approach

    J. Magenheim, C. Schulte, EAIT (2006), 11(3-4), pp. 319-339



    Research perspectives on the objects-early debate

    R. Lister, A. Berglund, T. Clear, J. Bergin, K. Garvin-Doxas, B. Hanks, L. E. Hitchner, A. Luxton-Reilly, K. Sanders, C. Schulte, J. L. Whalley, SIGCSE Bulletin (2006), 38(4), pp. 146-165


    2005




    2003

    Thinking in Objects and their Collaboration: Introducing Object-Oriented Technology

    C. Schulte, J. Magenheim, J. Niere, W. Schäfer, Computer Science Education (2003), 13(4), pp. 269-288



    2002

    Theoriegeleitete Entwicklung und Evaluation von Neuen Medien für die Lehre

    C. Schulte, Softwaretechnik-Trends (2002), 22(3)


    Theoriegeleitete Entwicklung und Evaluation von Neuen Medien für die Lehre

    C. Schulte, in: GI Jahrestagung, GI, 2002, pp. 408-415


    Das Sieben-Schritte-Schema zur Dekonstruktion objektorientierter Software

    C. Schulte, U. Block, in: DDI, GI, 2002, pp. 3-12


    2001

    Vom Modellieren zum Gestalten - Objektorientierung als Impuls für einen neuen Informatikunterricht?

    C. Schulte, Informatica Didactica (2001), 3


    Aufgabenbereiche der Medienbildung im Informatikunterricht

    C. Schulte, O. Scheel, in: INFOS, {GI}, 2001, pp. 157-171


    1999

    Kooperative Arbeitsplattformen - CSCW-Systeme in Lehr- und Lernkontexten

    C. Schulte, H. Selke, C. Huth, LOG IN (1999), 19(3/4), pp. 40



    Paderborn Symposium on Data Science Education at School Level 2017: The Collected Extended Abstracts

    R. Biehler, L. Budde, D. Frischemeier, B. Heinemann, S. Podworny, C. Schulte, T. Wassong,


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